Menu

Menus display a list of choices on temporary surfaces.

https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-previous.png

Usage

from kivy.lang import Builder

from kivymd.app import MDApp
from kivymd.uix.menu import MDDropdownMenu

KV = '''
MDScreen:

    MDRaisedButton:
        id: button
        text: "PRESS ME"
        pos_hint: {"center_x": .5, "center_y": .5}
        on_release: app.menu.open()
'''


class Test(MDApp):
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.screen = Builder.load_string(KV)
        menu_items = [
            {
                "text": f"Item {i}",
                "viewclass": "OneLineListItem",
                "on_release": lambda x=f"Item {i}": self.menu_callback(x),
            } for i in range(5)
        ]
        self.menu = MDDropdownMenu(
            caller=self.screen.ids.button,
            items=menu_items,
            width_mult=4,
        )

    def menu_callback(self, text_item):
        print(text_item)

    def build(self):
        return self.screen


Test().run()
https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-usage.gif

Warning

Do not create the MDDropdownMenu object when you open the menu window. Because on a mobile device this one will be very slow!

Wrong

menu = MDDropdownMenu(caller=self.screen.ids.button, items=menu_items)
menu.open()

Customization of menu item

Menu items are created in the same way as items for the RecycleView class.

from kivy.lang import Builder
from kivy.metrics import dp
from kivy.properties import StringProperty

from kivymd.app import MDApp
from kivymd.uix.boxlayout import MDBoxLayout
from kivymd.uix.list import IRightBodyTouch, OneLineAvatarIconListItem
from kivymd.uix.menu import MDDropdownMenu

KV = '''
<RightContentCls>
    disabled: True
    adaptive_size: True
    pos_hint: {"center_y": .5}

    MDIconButton:
        icon: root.icon
        user_font_size: "16sp"
        md_bg_color_disabled: 0, 0, 0, 0

    MDLabel:
        text: root.text
        font_style: "Caption"
        adaptive_size: True
        pos_hint: {"center_y": .5}


<Item>

    IconLeftWidget:
        icon: root.left_icon

    RightContentCls:
        id: container
        icon: root.right_icon
        text: root.right_text


MDScreen:

    MDRaisedButton:
        id: button
        text: "PRESS ME"
        pos_hint: {"center_x": .5, "center_y": .5}
        on_release: app.menu.open()
'''


class RightContentCls(IRightBodyTouch, MDBoxLayout):
    icon = StringProperty()
    text = StringProperty()


class Item(OneLineAvatarIconListItem):
    left_icon = StringProperty()
    right_icon = StringProperty()
    right_text = StringProperty()


class Test(MDApp):
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.screen = Builder.load_string(KV)
        menu_items = [
            {
                "text": f"Item {i}",
                "right_text": f"R+{i}",
                "right_icon": "apple-keyboard-command",
                "left_icon": "git",
                "viewclass": "Item",
                "height": dp(54),
                "on_release": lambda x=f"Item {i}": self.menu_callback(x),
            } for i in range(5)
        ]
        self.menu = MDDropdownMenu(
            caller=self.screen.ids.button,
            items=menu_items,
            width_mult=4,
        )

    def menu_callback(self, text_item):
        print(text_item)

    def build(self):
        return self.screen


Test().run()
https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-right.gif

Header Menu

from kivy.lang import Builder
from kivy.metrics import dp

from kivymd.app import MDApp
from kivymd.uix.menu import MDDropdownMenu
from kivymd.uix.boxlayout import MDBoxLayout

KV = '''
<MenuHeader>
    orientation: "vertical"
    adaptive_size: True
    padding: "4dp"

    MDBoxLayout:
        spacing: "12dp"
        adaptive_size: True

        MDIconButton:
            icon: "gesture-tap-button"
            pos_hint: {"center_y": .5}

        MDLabel:
            text: "Actions"
            adaptive_size: True
            pos_hint: {"center_y": .5}


MDScreen:

    MDRaisedButton:
        id: button
        text: "PRESS ME"
        pos_hint: {"center_x": .5, "center_y": .5}
        on_release: app.menu.open()
'''


class MenuHeader(MDBoxLayout):
    '''An instance of the class that will be added to the menu header.'''


class Test(MDApp):
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.screen = Builder.load_string(KV)
        menu_items = [
            {
                "text": f"Item {i}",
                "viewclass": "OneLineListItem",
                "height": dp(56),
                "on_release": lambda x=f"Item {i}": self.menu_callback(x),
            } for i in range(5)
        ]
        self.menu = MDDropdownMenu(
            header_cls=MenuHeader(),
            caller=self.screen.ids.button,
            items=menu_items,
            width_mult=4,
        )

    def menu_callback(self, text_item):
        print(text_item)

    def build(self):
        return self.screen


Test().run()
https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-header.png

Position menu

Bottom position

See also

position

from kivy.lang import Builder
from kivy.metrics import dp
from kivy.properties import StringProperty

from kivymd.uix.list import OneLineIconListItem
from kivymd.app import MDApp
from kivymd.uix.menu import MDDropdownMenu

KV = '''
<IconListItem>

    IconLeftWidget:
        icon: root.icon


MDScreen

    MDTextField:
        id: field
        pos_hint: {'center_x': .5, 'center_y': .6}
        size_hint_x: None
        width: "200dp"
        hint_text: "Password"
        on_focus: if self.focus: app.menu.open()
'''


class IconListItem(OneLineIconListItem):
    icon = StringProperty()


class Test(MDApp):
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.screen = Builder.load_string(KV)
        menu_items = [
            {
                "viewclass": "IconListItem",
                "icon": "git",
                "height": dp(56),
                "text": f"Item {i}",
                "on_release": lambda x=f"Item {i}": self.set_item(x),
            } for i in range(5)]
        self.menu = MDDropdownMenu(
            caller=self.screen.ids.field,
            items=menu_items,
            position="bottom",
            width_mult=4,
        )

    def set_item(self, text__item):
        self.screen.ids.field.text = text__item
        self.menu.dismiss()

    def build(self):
        return self.screen


Test().run()
https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-position.gif

Center position

from kivy.lang import Builder
from kivy.metrics import dp
from kivy.properties import StringProperty

from kivymd.uix.list import OneLineIconListItem
from kivymd.app import MDApp
from kivymd.uix.menu import MDDropdownMenu

KV = '''
<IconListItem>

    IconLeftWidget:
        icon: root.icon


MDScreen

    MDDropDownItem:
        id: drop_item
        pos_hint: {'center_x': .5, 'center_y': .5}
        text: 'Item 0'
        on_release: app.menu.open()
'''


class IconListItem(OneLineIconListItem):
    icon = StringProperty()


class Test(MDApp):
    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(**kwargs)
        self.screen = Builder.load_string(KV)
        menu_items = [
            {
                "viewclass": "IconListItem",
                "icon": "git",
                "text": f"Item {i}",
                "height": dp(56),
                "on_release": lambda x=f"Item {i}": self.set_item(x),
            } for i in range(5)
        ]
        self.menu = MDDropdownMenu(
            caller=self.screen.ids.drop_item,
            items=menu_items,
            position="center",
            width_mult=4,
        )
        self.menu.bind()

    def set_item(self, text_item):
        self.screen.ids.drop_item.set_item(text_item)
        self.menu.dismiss()

    def build(self):
        return self.screen


Test().run()
https://github.com/HeaTTheatR/KivyMD-data/raw/master/gallery/kivymddoc/menu-position-center.gif

API - kivymd.uix.menu.menu

class kivymd.uix.menu.menu.MDDropdownMenu(**kwargs)
Events

on_release

The method that will be called when you click menu items.

header_cls

An instance of the class (Kivy or KivyMD widget) that will be added to the menu header.

New in version 0.104.2.

header_cls is a ObjectProperty and defaults to None.

items

See data.

items is a ListProperty and defaults to [].

width_mult

This number multiplied by the standard increment (56dp on mobile, 64dp on desktop, determines the width of the menu items.

If the resulting number were to be too big for the application Window, the multiplier will be adjusted for the biggest possible one.

width_mult is a NumericProperty and defaults to 1.

max_height

The menu will grow no bigger than this number. Set to 0 for no limit.

max_height is a NumericProperty and defaults to 0.

border_margin

Margin between Window border and menu.

border_margin is a NumericProperty and defaults to 4dp.

ver_growth

Where the menu will grow vertically to when opening. Set to None to let the widget pick for you. Available options are: ‘up’, ‘down’.

ver_growth is a OptionProperty and defaults to None.

hor_growth

Where the menu will grow horizontally to when opening. Set to None to let the widget pick for you. Available options are: ‘left’, ‘right’.

hor_growth is a OptionProperty and defaults to None.

background_color

Color of the background of the menu.

background_color is a ColorProperty and defaults to None.

opening_transition

Type of animation for opening a menu window.

opening_transition is a StringProperty and defaults to ‘out_cubic’.

opening_time

Menu window opening animation time and you can set it to 0 if you don’t want animation of menu opening.

opening_time is a NumericProperty and defaults to 0.2.

caller

The widget object that calls the menu window.

caller is a ObjectProperty and defaults to None.

position

Menu window position relative to parent element. Available options are: ‘auto’, ‘center’, ‘bottom’.

position is a OptionProperty and defaults to ‘auto’.

radius

Menu radius.

radius is a VariableListProperty and defaults to ‘[dp(7)]’.

elevation

Elevation value of menu dialog.

New in version 1.0.0.

elevation is an NumericProperty and defaults to 10.

check_position_caller(self, instance_window: WindowSDL, width: int, height: int)

Called when the application root window is resized.

set_menu_properties(self, interval: Union[int, float] = 0)

Sets the size and position for the menu window.

open(self)

Animate the opening of a menu window.

on_header_cls(self, instance_dropdown_menu, instance_user_menu_header)
on_touch_down(self, touch)

Receive a touch down event.

Parameters
touch: MotionEvent class

Touch received. The touch is in parent coordinates. See relativelayout for a discussion on coordinate systems.

Returns

bool If True, the dispatching of the touch event will stop. If False, the event will continue to be dispatched to the rest of the widget tree.

on_touch_move(self, touch)

Receive a touch move event. The touch is in parent coordinates.

See on_touch_down() for more information.

on_touch_up(self, touch)

Receive a touch up event. The touch is in parent coordinates.

See on_touch_down() for more information.

on_dismiss(self)

Called when the menu is closed.

dismiss(self)

Closes the menu.